Dual diagnosis is being used to describe the co-occurrence of mental illness and substance-abuse problem of an individual. A large variety of psychosocial issues and multiple interacting illnesses can be experienced by an individual who has dual diagnosis.A person’s physical, psychological, social and spiritual aspects are all affected when one faces dual diagnosis. It ought to be taken into story that an individual who has dual diagnosis doesn’t have two separate illnesses. These two illnesses interact with each other. There is a big tendency for the illnesses to intensify and every disorder is inclined to relapse to the other one. One of the problems of dual diagnosis is the overlapping and the masking of the symptom’s illnesses because it proves difficult for treatment.
There are many theories that attempt to explain dual diagnosis. One of them is the causality theory. Causality theory puts forward that there are kinds of substance abuse that leads to having mental illnesses. The proofs of the connections on the use of marijuana and the developing of psychosis is an example. An added theory is the multiple risk factor theory. Multiple risk factor theory explains that there are harmful factors that lead to acquiring dual diagnosis. Examples of these hazardous factors are connection with people who utilizes drugs, people who are lonely and in poverty. There is also another theory known as the super sensitivity theory. It gives details that there are individuals with intense mental illness who has vulnerabilities either psychological or biological. This vulnerability is being caused genetically and environmentally. These vulnerabilities can result in acquiring a psychiatric disorder. This attempts to explain dual diagnosis in terms of treating the psychotic disorder using anti-psychotic drugs. These anti-psychotic drugs will in the long run create a tolerance in the individual’s body. This would then result to dual diagnosis.
There are many problems that dual diagnosis brings. In most cases, only one illness is being identified which can result to the lack of treatment being given to the patient. The defiance which is almost always present in different cases is also a problem. These build therapists and psychiatrists to have a hard time identifying dual diagnosis and make them suggest treatments that would only provide a little help.
Proper treatments for this kind of condition are quite a problem. It would be impossible for one to find a treatment center that would cater to a person with dual diagnosis. A treatment center that addresses to the problem of substance abuse refuses to accept someone with intense mental conditions. On the other hand, a treatment center that helps for the improvement of people with serious mental conditions is not proficient in dealing with people who is afflicted with substance abuse. This really is such a big deal.
The only thing that exists for treatment of individuals with dual diagnosis is by principles. Specialist suggests that the treating of the two co-occurring disorders should not be taken apart but rather should be joined together. There are prescriptions that have been proven to be effective. Examples of these medications are opioid replacement therapies or naltrexone) and clozapine.
Dual diagnosis is a term that can refer to different co-occurring illnesses. One can be depressed and alcoholic, psychotic and cannabis abuser, or can have intellectual disability while at the same time having a mental illness. This term is quite new in the world of psychology which explains the fact of its problem in terms of treatment. There is always progress in the psychological field, it is no impossibility for a treatment center to be established that would cater to the special needs of those who have dual diagnosis.
Dual Diagnosis poses a great problem because there are no treatment centers available to help people recover.