On of the very dangerous mental disorder is eating disorder. It gives off a lot of medical complications. These medical complications are the following: heart rate going slow, irregular heartbeat, heart, jaundice, taste buds getting impaired, hypoglycemia, dehydration, tetanus, anemia, vulnerability to bleeding, decalcification, decaying of the tooth, amenorrhea, sexual interest decreases, impotence, swelling of the salivary gland, acute expansion of the stomach, constipation, weakness, and hypothermia. As you can see, there is no point in explaining more why eating disorders are very dangerous.
There are actually two types of eating disorder. One is called anorexia nervosa and the other one is called bulimia nervosa Anorexia nervosa is losing more weight by way of not eating or eating a very little quantity for very extensive periods of time. Bulimia nervosa is losing weight by means of controlled eating also called binging. However, there are certain criterions before one is diagnosed to have an eating disorder.
According to the latest version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, to be diagnosed of having anorexia nervosa; you need to meet this criterion:
1. The refusal to preserve body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height.
2. Having an strong dread of gaining weight or becoming fat even though being noticeably underweight.
3. Distortions in the perception of one’s body weight or shape, unjustifiable influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the present low body weight.
4. For females who have reached menarche, the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles.
Below are the criteria to be diagnosed of having bulimia nervosa:
1. Having recurring episodes of binge eating that characterizes the following:
a. Intake of an amount of food in a separate period of time that is definitely bigger in amount than most people would eat.
b. During this discrete period, there is a deficient of control over eating.
2. Having recurrent inappropriate behaviors in preventing weight increase such as self- induced vomiting; misusing of laxatives, diuretics, enemas, and other medications to induce vomiting; fasting, and excessive exercise.
3. The average incidence of binge eating and inappropriate purging behaviors is at least twice a week for three months.
4. In self-evaluation, there is the influence of body shape and weight.
Luckily, important progress for eating disorder treatment has been made in the recent years. There are now numerous ways for one to get better from the bad effects eating disorder brings. One of the most effective eating disorder treatments is the use of medications. In lessening binging and vomiting, tricyclic antidepressants are being used. There are also additional medications such as monoamine oxidase and fluoxetine that are similar to the effects the tricyclic antidepressants brings. Although on an important side, these drugs have addictive substances. The use of these drugs can create dependency which can lead to addiction.
Letting the patient into an eating disorder rehab center is also one of the important and effective way to help the patient recover from eating disorder. Eating disorder rehab centers are there to provide an institutionalized approach of treatment. The patient will be held in in a rehab centers with fellow individuals who also has an eating disorder. The assurance of recovery is present because the physician can monitor and control the patient’s environment.
It is important for someone who has an eating disorder to seek an eating disorder treatment. Getting into a rehab is one of the eating disorder treatments that guaranteed for your recovery.