One of the most highly addictive substances known is cocaine. The ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens of the brain switches on when cocaine is being used. These are the areas of the brain that chronicles reward and pleasure. A pleasurable event happens when dopamine is let loosed on the brain and connects to a receptor. The use of cocaine hampers the reuptake of dopamine. This causes the dopamine to accumulate in an area in the brain. This maintains the feeling of pleasure.
An extreme elation is felt very rapidly when one is in drug addiction using cocaine. This results to an individuall with very high self-esteem, great energy, and the feeling of greatly accepted socially. Cocaine users claimed that they do not feel being drugged but rather they feel that they have become the person they always wanted. With high doses, cocaine use directs to negative behaviors such as impulsiveness, compulsivity, and a high level of anxiety. After the effect of the substance wears off, a sensation of fatigue and depression sets in. A great amount of sleeping would then follow. There is a potent wanting for the substance as a psychological and physiological effect. Studies have shown that alcohol use and marijuana use are the starting point of cocaine addiction.
The effect of cocaine wears off very fast. This would make a cocaine user to take regular doses to maintain the effect of cocaine. A tolerance would sooner or later follow this set-up. Tolerance is defined as the drug user would want larger dosage of cocaine to achieve the typical effects he experiences.
Before the 1970s, cocaine was very expensive. Only rich individuals were able to obtain this drug. Then suddenly, cocaine’s price was reduced. Then , rich or poor was able to acquire any amount of cocaine. At present, in the United States of America, about 11 percent of people have tried cocaine at least once in their lives. This sudden reduction of cocaine’s cost lead to its extensive use. Rich and poor have now access in using cocaine. However, in spite of cocaine’s price reduction, the problem of increasing dosage is still money to pay. Most cocaine addicts are teenagers who don’t have a stable job. In order to buy cocaine, these teenagers resort to theft or prostitution. This is a kind of desperation that makes an individual take on extremely dangerous behaviors. Studies show a high percentage of cocaine users getting HIV.
There are two set of symptoms in cocaine addiction. The first set is the so-called intoxication symptoms. Part of intoxication symptoms are your heart beating rapidly, your pupils dilating, nausea, elevated or lowered blood pressure, perspiring or chilling, psychomotor agitation, vomiting, weight loss, chest pain, slowed breathing, muscular weakness, seizures, and changes in your behavior such as affective blunting, changes in sociability, anxiety, hypervigilance, impaired judgment, anger and interpersonal sensitivity. The second set is called withdrawal symptoms. What includes withdrawal symptoms? It includes withdrawal symptoms include.
Cocaine addiction is quite dangerous. It doesn’t just affect the user but also the people around him or her. It is best to get in contact with the nearest treatment centers in your country to check the available options for recovery. This kind of drug addiction needs intensive and fast treatment. Who knows? The life you saved might be your own.
Drug addiction using cocaine is very potent since cocaine is known to be one of the most dangerous addictive substance.